Painted Sphere

»  I can paint a realistic sphere in Adobe Photoshop.
»  I can blend color SMOOTHLY to show a spheres volume in Adobe Photoshop.
» I can identify the important components of light & shadow : Umbra, Penumbra, Specular Highlight, Reflected Light, Core Shadow, Ambient Shadow, and Mid-Tone Value.
»  I can identify the direction of the light source and accurately paint the shadow in Adobe Photoshop.

»  You are to repaint this reference image using Photoshop in a 5 X 7 document (@ 300 DPI) including the background, shadows, & specular highlight.
» All layers must be labels; post a screen shot of layers in blog.
 *Document in blog.


Shadow Diagram3


Umbra – (Latin for "shadow") The area completely obscured by object or the “Hard” shadows
Penumbra – The area partially obscured by object or the “Soft” shadows
Core Shadow -

Specular Highlight - This is a reflection from a light source and is the bright spot of light that appears on the surface of a 3d object. The smaller the highlight the shinier the surface, the larger the highlight the more the surface defuses the light.
Reflected Light – Is a faint light reflected or bounced back on the object from the surfaces surrounding it.

Mid-Tone – The tonal value mid-way between the highlight and shadow. Sometimes referred to as halftone.
Value – The gradation of tone from light to dark or of color luminosity
General Notes:

Paint the Sphere in these stages:

  • Copy, paste, and scale the reference image in the upper left hand corner. *Hold shift maintains an equidistant aspect ratio. Scale it and place it appropriately.
  • Using the Elliptical Marque Tool, draw a circle while holding down the {SHIFT} key. *Hold shift maintains an equidistant aspect ratio. Scale it and place it appropriately.
  • Create and label 6 new layers and use them accordingly.
    • Reference
    • Specular Highlight
    • Ground Reflection
    • Color
    • Key Shadow
    • Ambient Shadow
  • Paint the base color/value giving the sphere volume in the Color layer. *Use a layer mask.
    • Fill in mid-tone color first
    • Paint the reflected color in the Color layer.
  • Paint the Specular Highlight in the Specular Highlight layer. 
  • Paint the ground reflection in the Ground Reflection layer.  *Use a layer mask.
  • Paint the key shadow in the Key Shadow layer.
  • Paint the ambient shadow in the Ambient Shadow layer. 

Image Size:  Landscape 5 X 7 at 300dpi